You can think of cortisol as the natural built-in alarm system in your body. This is the main type of hormone that affects the entire mood. In short, the cortisol levels control several activities of your day to day routine.
There are many reasons for this condition, the most important can be a poor mental condition. When we do not take care of our thoughts we are prone to these conditions
What Is Cortisol?
Cortisol is a kind of steroid hormone which regulates a number of vital activities in your body, including immune response and metabolism. It plays a very important role in helping your body responding to stress. It is best known for fuelling your body with the fight or flight response in any kind of crisis. However, the other things that the cortisol levels do to your body are as follows:
- Manage how your body makes use of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates
- Keeps your body inflammation levels down
- Helps in regulating your blood pressure
- Helps in increasing the blood glucose level in your body
- Controls your sleep cycle
- Helps in boosting energy so that you can easily handle stress and restore the balance afterward
How Do The Cortisol Levels Work?
Your pituitary gland and hypothalamus, that are located in your brain helps to sense if the blood in your body contains the right amount of cortisol levels.
Most of the cells in your body consist of the cortisol receptors which receive and use the hormones in several ways. Your needs for these hormones vary every day.
Many times the cortisol levels in your body can take a toll on you and your body. There is a number of health conditions that can take a toll on you, few are listed below.
- Depression and anxiety
- Heart diseases
- Concentration and memory problems
- Digestion problems
- Trouble in sleeping
- Weight gain
Too Much Of Cortisol
A nodule or mass in your adrenal gland or a small tumor in your brain’s pituitary gland can help to trigger your body to make higher cortisol levels.
Too much cortisol can lead to many differnet types of diseases. The body gains weight easily, the skin tends to lose its moisture and there is the formation of wrinkles.
There are high chances of diabetes in this condition, it can also lead to a poor overall health condition of the body.
Too Little Cortisol
You are prone to a disease called Addison’s disease, which is caused when there is too little cortisol in the body, in this case, there may be several types of health conditions that you may go through. Some of them are listed below:
- Changes in your skin such as darkened scars and skin folds
- Feel tired all the time
- Nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting
- Loss of weight and appetite
- Lower blood pressure
If your body isn’t able to make enough cortisol levels, your doctor might prescribe you with either dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, or prednisone tablets.