Essential Things to understand about acquiring treatment for anxiety include: how many professionals assist you with anxiety. There are many kinds of treatments for anxiety, including medications, psychological and cognitive behavioral therapy, and self-help. Medications for treating anxiety disorders may include antidepressants (antipsychotics), benzodiazepines (treatments for anxiety and panic attacks), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT or cognitive behavioral therapy) targets the core negative beliefs that lead to anxiety disorders, such as excessive worrying and unrealistic thinking.
Psychological treatment for anxiety disorders may involve various forms of psychotherapy. Your doctor will probably start you on an antidepressant if your doctor feels that you are a good candidate. CBT usually takes two to four weeks, with weekly sessions, usually in a therapist’s office. During these sessions, you will be encouraged to identify negative thoughts and replace them with realistic positive thoughts, giving you hope for a better life ahead. You will also learn how to manage stressful situations in the workplace, home, school, and throughout your day.
After completing CBT, your counselor will likely prescribe you additional medication. Many times this medication will be in addition to your initial medication. For instance, if your anxiety is exceptionally severe, your doctor may prescribe you an SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor). A serotonin reuptake inhibitor causes the brain to slow down the action of serotonin, a neurotransmitter. Some people experience fewer symptoms after taking SSRIs, while others experience the opposite. Your doctor will discuss your situation with you and decide which medication is best suited for you and your symptoms.
Self-help is another treatment for anxiety including the option. In many cases, self-help will consist of learning cognitive behavioral therapy, also known as CBT. CBT is used to train your brain on responding to stressful situations, giving you more control over your responses and thoughts. CBT is sometimes combined with other therapies such as relaxation or cognitive restructuring to maximize results and achieve optimal self-esteem and confidence. For some individuals, self-help is not enough to provide relief from their symptoms. Because of this, they may benefit from medication in addition to or instead of CBT or a combination of both CBT and self-help. The FDA currently approves many medications specifically for use as effective treatments for anxiety.
One type of medication that is particularly effective for those with mild to moderate anxiety is antidepressants. SSRIs (Prozac, Luvox, Celexa, Lexapro) are the most common antidepressants used. You can ask your therapist which medications he/she recommends as an alternative to talking therapy if you are uncomfortable having your sessions recorded. If you are not comfortable with this, then discuss it with your therapist about using another form of CBT like talk therapy.
Combination Of CBT And Medication
For those with severe anxiety disorders, a combination of CBT and medication may be needed to eliminate their symptoms. SSRIs are not as effective as sedatives because they have powerful stimulant effects on the brain. Antidepressants work by affecting the serotonin receptors in the brain. Talk therapy may be effective for those who suffer from an extreme case; however, CBT may be more appropriate for mild to moderate cases. Talk therapy is specifically designed to address your emotional responses to negative symptoms; CBT, on the other hand, addresses the physical symptoms you feel when you experience these negative symptoms. Although exercise may be helpful for generalized anxiety disorders, it should be used in moderation.
Exercise is commonly used to treat depression, but it is also used to treat anxiety in some cases. A meta-analysis of studies done on the effects of exercise on the symptoms of depression showed that there is a significant improvement in a patient’s symptoms when exercise is added to the treatment routine. Therefore, if you think you are suffering from one of these conditions, see your doctor to determine the best treatment for depression. Remember to check with your doctor if you will add any new supplements or vitamins to your treatment regimen because some types of drugs can interact with the medication you may be taking to treat depression.